Getting to Know Pet Diabetes
Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common conditions affecting humans in the United States, but many pet owners do not know that their pets can also have the condition, dogs, and cats specifically. At Greenfield Veterinary clinic in Greenfield, WI, we offer a range of pet services to all our clients, including diagnosis and treatment of worrisome conditions like pet diabetes.
What are the symptoms of diabetes in dogs and cats?
Symptoms can vary depending on the severity of the condition, and most symptoms are related to either high or low blood sugar levels. Some symptoms of diabetes in either dogs or cats include:
- Changes in weight without changes in diet
- General malaise or not being energetic or active
- Excessive thirst and possibly hunger
- More frequent urination
Untreated diabetes can lead to severe health concerns, including damage to the kidneys, heart, or eyes. Some dogs and cats will pass out if their blood glucose levels get too high or too low much like a human can lose consciousness.
What causes diabetes in cats and dogs?
Diabetes can have a few different causation factors, but it can be relative to poor diet, too many treats and human foods, obesity, and even genetics. When a dog or cat has diabetes, their pancreas does not process the sugar the animal takes in when they eat in an appropriate way because it cannot produce enough insulin to do so. Just like humans, cats can have either type 1 or type 2 diabetes, but most will have type 2. Type 1 diabetes involves the body not producing enough insulin, and type 2 diabetes involves insulin resistance, which usually comes from a long-time poor diet. Dogs, on the other hand, can develop type 1 diabetes only.
How is diabetes treated in pets?
Diabetes is treated with medication, but it usually also means pet owners must be even more vigilant about proper diet and exercise. Whether you have a cat with type 2 diabetes or a dog with type 1 diabetes, their diet can become one of the best defenses against the dangerous symptoms that can develop. The veterinarian may recommend a special food or feeding schedule. In the most extreme cases, a pet may have to get insulin injections to help keep blood sugar levels stable.
Talk to a Greenfield, WI Veterinary Clinic About Pet Diabetes
Diabetes is a serious illness for pets, and it is a condition that should be accurately diagnosed, monitored, and managed. If you suspect that your pet has diabetes or you are in need of general pet services, reach out to us at Greenfield Veterinary Clinic in Greenfield, WI to schedule an appointment with one of our skilled veterinarians.